National Parks


Australia’s Reserve System

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Australia’s Reserve System

The Australian government describes a protected area as ‘a clearly defined geographical space, recognised, dedicated and managed through legal or other effective means to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values.’

National parks are generally managed by state and territory governments, and are one of the best known and most extensive types of protected area. The national reserve system also contains Commonwealth reserves, Indigenous lands, protected areas run by non-profit conservation organisations and areas of ecosystem that are protected by farmers on working agricultural properties.

The Role of Protected Areas

First and foremost, the purpose of Australia’s national parks and many other protected areas is for conservation of our biodiversity and natural landscapes. 

Completing the Reserve System

Australia’s current reserve system represents a significant conservation achievement, consisting of more than 10,000 reserves covering over 16% of the country.

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